A Positive Approach to Autism
- Donna Williams
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In this fresh and positive book, Stella Waterhouse investigates how people with autism perceive the world, and discusses the symptoms, behaviours and possible causes of this condition. In addition to examining the relation of autism to hyperactivity, Attention Deficit Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and Tourette Syndrome, she also considers the impact of anxiety and the pros and cons of some of the current treatments including secretin, diet, tinted lenses and Auditory Integration Training. Her approach emphasises the importance of taking into account the views of people with autism and their families. This is a practical and sympathetic book, which will be of interest to professionals and non-professionals alike.
- Published: Sep 01 1999
- Pages: 384
- 232 x 155mm
- ISBN: 9781853028083
International Journal of Adolescent Medicine & Health
This is indeed a very positive book by Stella Waterhouse, who has spent many years teaching children with learning disabilities and emotional problems.The argument of the book is that children with autism are not mentally handicapped, but rather normal children whose problems leave them isolated and unable to express or understand even their own feelings due to a special response to anxiety. An interesting review for parents or professionals working with autism.
Disabilities Study Quarterly
Her approach is professional and authoritative without being authoritarian. Drawing on numerous first-person accounts of autism, such as those by Donna Williams, Jasmine O'Neill, and Temple Grandin, she argues that much autistic behaviour is an attempt to cope with an overwhelming range of stimuli which creates an unbearable anxiety. In Waterhouse's perspective, then, such practices as holding therapy, where an autistic individual is held tightly despite her/his struggles, or Lovaas therapy, with its intense focus on modifying the behaviours of the person with autism, are intrusive approaches that often generate more anxiety and, thus, further entrench a defensive response to the world. Facilitated communication, on the other hand, can help relieve anxiety and, thus, is a positive strategy for dealing with autism...Waterhouse is an engaging, likeable writer with important things to say to anyone who is involved with autism.
I read this book and saw an extremely well-researched and up-to-date view of both the symptoms (and presentation of symptoms) of autism, and the wide variety of theories relating to the possible causes and interventions currently being used with people with autism. The approach taken is slightly different from what has been written on the subject before because, as well as combining empirical research on autism, its symptoms, possible causes and interventions, the author throughout stresses the importance of the individual experiences of people with autism.
Young Minds Magazine
The author uses the knowledge she has acquired of her patients' multiple problems as the starting point of an exploratory journey in which she presents us with the most salient theories and ideas that exist with regard to the causality of autism. This she follows with a critical analysis and discussion where she acknowledges the contradictions and shortcomings many of these theories suffer from. She has sensibly steered clear of making any claims that any of her discussions or reviews is exhaustive or definitive and instead she refers the reader to her original sources of information. This is an ambitious, informative and refreshing book that could not have come at a better time and it is aimed at clinicians, patients and parents alike. We are encountering an exciting era where autistic spectrum disorders are more readily identified and a variety of treatments are proposed.
An interesting aspect of the book is the comparison made between autism and other conditions with some similar features; such as obsessive compulsive disorder, attention deficit disorder and perceptual problems. One of the features that makes this book powerful reading, is the numerous real life accounts. The book is well referenced and offers a range of material in the bibliography to allow the reader to gain further information. This book is a must for all public libraries. People with the condition, their carers and their friends and relatives should have ready access to a comprehensive account of autism, which this book certainly provides.